The post itself walks you through some of the basics of compression, and techniques such as
LZ77 on the other hand, is a sliding window compression algorithm based on replacing strings with backwards references to previous strings in the input. For example, the string “this is a test” contains the substring ‘is’ repeated twice in a row, separated by a space, so that the second occurance of ‘is’ can be replaced with a length (2 characters, and a backwards distance (-3 positions), called the length-distance pair. The compressor typically scans backwards in the input within a certain window (e.g. 8,192 characters or 32,768 characters) looking for matches and then encoding them as length-distance pairs. The compressor has some freedom as to how hard it will search for a match before giving up (something I’ll get to later).
Really interesting stuff, Ray. I hope to see some of this in the minification libraries!