Nestled along the area on the Atlantic coast of the present day Nicaragua, Mosquito Coast is part of the beautiful islands of the Caribbean.
Mosquito Coast was coined after its native settlers and has long been eyed by the British who have their own vested interests. Sometimes applying to the whole eastern seaboard, Mosquito Coast appropriately comprises a narrow belt of territory.
Stretching to the interiors land for an average distance of 40 miles or 60 kilometers, the said region measures about 225 miles from north to south.
The boundary in the upper portion of the Mosquito Coast is River Wawa. Both on its left and right is the Nicaraguan Highlands that extends really long. As for its border in the bottom part, it is identified by Rio Rama.
The largest town is Bluefields, which has a great harbor and the capital of Autonomous Region of Atlantic South or Region Autonoma del Atlantico Sur. There are also the cities of Magadala on Pearl Cay, Wounta on Kukalaya and Carata on River Wawa.
Going back to history, the Miskito Indians were very first inhabitants. They were consisting of several tribes that are short in stature and dark in complexion. It was said that their color was obtained due to their intermarriage with the shipwrecked slaves.
It was in 1630 that the Mosquito Coast was primarily occupied by Europeans. It all began when the agents of the English rented Providence Company where Earl of Warwick was president, while John Pym acted as treasurer. They inhabited two cays that were small and established congenial relations with the locals.
A protectorate was claimed from 1655 to 1850 however, there was not much success to their endeavors. Eventually, it was broke by Central America, Spain and United States. The resistance made by the Americans was largely because of the fear that Britain would have the opportunity to have position of inter- oceanic canal.
By 1848, when Greytown of the Mosquito Coast was captured, it stimulated huge revelry on the end of the United States where it even consisted of the risk of having a war.
Due to the Treaty of Clayton and Bulwer in 1850, both influential nations made a commitment to themselves not to in any manner colonize any region in Central America.
However, the British did not keep their word as on November of 1859, a protectorate was delegated to Honduras. This did not look favorable among the Indians who shortly revolted. On January 28, 1860, Britain and Nicaragua concluded a pact of Managua.
There were changes though but the chief then accepted it on the terms that he retain in position of the village he was overseeing. He also asked an annual allowance of £1, 000. On his death in 1864, the locals did not recognize the one who succeeded.